Shloka of the Day...20-09-2021_Definition of Shopha by Sushruta.

Shloka:

शोफसमुत्थानाग्रन्थिविद्रध्यलजीप्रभृतयःप्रायेणव्याधयोऽभिहिता[२]अनेकाकृतयः,तैर्विलक्षणःपृथुर्ग्रथितःसमोविषमोवात्वङ्मांसस्थायीदोषसङ्घातःशरीरैकदेशोत्थितःशोफइत्युच्यते[३]||Su.Su.16/3


Words meaning:

शोफ= Swelling

समुत्थाना= Causes

ग्रन्थिविद्रध्यलजी- ग्रन्थि= Cystic swellings + विद्रधि= Abscess + अलजी= Eye disease (Conjunctivitis )

प्रभृतयः= Etc. (others)

प्रायेण= Probably

व्याधयोऽभिहिता- व्याधयो= In Diseases + आभिहिता= said

अनेकाकृतयः- आनेक= different + आकृतयः= arranged

तैर्विलक्षणः- तैः= because of these + विलक्षणः= abnormalities

पृथुर्ग्रथितः- पृथुः= widely spread + ग्रथितः= collected

समो- evenly arranged/ elevated

विषमो- unevenly arranged/ elevated

वा= or

त्वङ्मांसस्थायी- त्वक्= skin +मांसः= muscles + स्थायी= constant/ stay

दोष= toxins

सङ्घातः= collection

शरीरैकदेशोत्थितः- शरीर= body + एक= one + देश= place + उत्थितः= originated

शोफ= Swelling/ Inflammatory Swelling/ Oedema

इत्युच्यते- इति= like + उच्यते= said


Meaning of the Shloka:

The swellings which are probably different from the diseases like Cysts, Abscesses, Eye disease (Conjunctivitis), Etc. (others), having widely spread (diffuse oedema), collected locally (localised oedema), sometimes elevated or non elevated because of the accumulation toxins (Doshas) or situated in skin, muscles a particular place is called as Shopha [Swelling/ Inflammatory Swelling/ Oedema].

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